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更新时间:2010/6/21
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"This Land is Your Land" became his most famous song.
MARY TILLOTSON: I'm Mary Tillotson.

STEVE EMBER: And I'm Steve Ember with the VOA Special English program, PEOPLE IN AMERICA.  Today, we complete our story about songwriter and singer Woody Guthrie.

(MUSIC)

MARY TILLOTSON: Woody Guthrie grew up in Oklahoma and Texas during the nineteen twenties.  A short time later, many farms in these states failed.  Extreme dry weather ruined the soil.  This area became known as the Dust Bowl.

Like many people, Woody left for California to find work.  However, many people could only find work on farms gathering fruit or other crops.  These workers often lived in camps with poor conditions.

Woody visited these farm worker camps.  He played his guitar and sang songs he wrote that described the conditions at the camp he was visiting.

STEVE EMBER: Labor union organizers in California found Woody Guthrie useful to their cause.  They urged him to go to New York City to make recordings of his songs.

Woody liked the idea and left California for New York City in nineteen forty.  There he met Alan Lomax, an expert on America's traditional music.  Lomax worked for the United States Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.  He collected and recorded traditional American folk music.  When he heard Woody sing, Lomax knew he had found a true singer of American folk music.